New research has led to a new theory: a magnetic tunnel surrounds our solar system. The concept was developed by University of Toronto astronomer Jennifer West. She modeled two structures in the sky, both rope-like filaments that are located at around 350 light-years from Earth. When viewed together, they resemble a long, twisted tunnel circling our solar system.
The Earth’s magnetic field is relatively stable over time, making it possible for humans to navigate and orient their compasses. The Sun’s magnetic field, on the other hand, is much more erratic and its magnetic poles constantly change positions. As a result, the compass on the Sun always points to the pole nearest to its surface.
Although there is no direct evidence for this effect, the theory suggests that the magnetic field surrounding the solar system can generate transient motions. Such transient motions may drive solar winds. If there are streamers or plasma sheets surrounding the Sun, then they may be generating enough energy flux to accelerate fast solar winds.
The magnetic field surrounding the solar system is complex. It can vary in strength and direction as a result of several factors. For instance, the magnetic field of Neptune is offset by about 47 degrees from its rotation axis. Because of this, the strength of the magnetic field varies across the entire planet. The planet can even experience auroras.
The magnetic field surrounding the solar system is caused by charged particles. The Sun is composed of charged particles called ions and electrons, which move around the planets and generate magnetic fields. This complex field is very large and can affect the motion of charged particles beyond the known planets. The magnetic field also influences the motion of charged particles in the solar wind.
X-ray observations of the corona have revealed an intricate magnetic environment. Researchers have studied these structures to understand the evolution of the corona. These phenomena are believed to be related to the evolution of the magnetic field and to determine whether they propagate further in the higher solar corona.
This study was conducted by the National Astronomical Observatory in Japan. It analyzed vector magnetograms in active regions from 1992 to 2000. This data allowed them to evaluate the average helicity and calculate the electric currents over active regions. The results were then compared to the predicted patterns using the Coronal Multichannel Polarimeter.
These observations have revealed a unique phenomenon that explains the origins of solar flares. The plasma sheets come from active region belts, trans-equatorial interconnecting loops, and polar crown filaments. These layers transport coronal mass toward interplanetary space.
The reconnection of magnetic fields can also cause solar flares. While the mechanism behind magnetic reconnection remains poorly understood, the theory that the reconnection process is causal in solar flares has implications for solar science.